7 Quality Tools in BPO: Essentials for a Successful Business

    mandavi sharma
    Mandavi Sharma
    7 Quality Tools in BPO: Essentials for a Successful Business Ā 

    Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) has become an integral part of modern business operations. By delegating specific tasks or processes to third-party service providers, organizations can streamline their operations, reduce costs, and improve efficiency. However, to ensure the success of a BPO initiative, it is crucial to maintain and monitor the quality of outsourced processes. This is where the 7 Quality Tools in BPO come into play. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore what is BPO, its significance, and the 7 quality tools in BPO through a real-world case study and relevant statistics.

    Understanding BPO

    What is BPO?

    Business Process Outsourcing, commonly known as BPO, refers to the practice of contracting specific business tasks or processes to external service providers. These processes can encompass a wide range of functions, including customer support services, finance and accounting, human resources, data entry, and more. BPO allows organizations to focus on their core competencies while benefiting from cost savings, operational efficiency, and access to specialized skills.

    The Significance of BPO

    As we have understood What is BPO? Let us now go through the significance of BPO in today’s business landscape as it cannot be overstated:

    • Cost Efficiency: Outsourcing can significantly reduce labour and operational costs, making it an attractive option for businesses looking to maximize profitability.
    • Global Talent Pool: BPO providers often operate in regions with a skilled workforce, providing access to specialized skills that may not be available in-house.
    • Scalability: BPO services can be scaled up or down according to business needs, providing flexibility in resource allocation.
    • Focus on Core Competencies: Outsourcing non-core functions allows organizations to concentrate on their primary objectives and strategic initiatives.

    The 7 Quality Tools in BPO

    To ensure the success of BPO partnerships and maintain high-quality standards, organizations should employ the following 7 quality tools in BPO:

    1. Flowcharts and Process Maps

    Flowcharts and process maps provide a visual representation of the workflow, making it easier to identify bottlenecks, redundancies, and inefficiencies in outsourced processes. They serve as a blueprint for process improvement.

    2. Cause-and-Effect Diagrams (Fishbone Diagrams)

    Fishbone diagrams help pinpoint the root causes of issues or defects in BPO processes. By identifying these causes, organizations can implement corrective actions and prevent future problems.

    3. Pareto Charts

    Pareto charts help prioritize issues or problem areas by showing which factors contribute the most to a particular problem. This tool assists in focusing resources on critical improvement areas.

    4. Histograms

    Histograms provide a graphical representation of data distribution, enabling organizations to understand the variability in their processes. This insight is crucial for maintaining consistency in BPO operations.

    5. Control Charts

    Control charts monitor process performance over time, helping organizations detect any deviations from established standards. This tool facilitates early intervention and ensures process stability.

    6. Scatter Diagrams

    Scatter diagrams help identify potential correlations or relationships between different variables. In a BPO context, this can be used to understand how changes in one aspect of the process may affect another.

    7 Check Sheets

    Check sheets are simple data collection tools that enable organizations to track and record specific data points. They are valuable for ongoing monitoring and data-driven decision-making in BPO operations.

    Case Study – Improving Customer Support in an E-commerce BPO

    Let’s illustrate the importance of these 7 quality tools in BPO with a real-world case study:


    An e-commerce company decided to outsource its customer support operations to a BPO provider to manage the increasing volume of customer inquiries. However, the company faced challenges related to customer satisfaction, response times, and issue resolution rates. Here 7 quality tools in BPO played a crucial role in overcoming the challenges.

    Application of 7 Quality Tools in BPO

    Flowcharts and Process Maps:

    Application: These visual representations provide a clear overview of the entire BPO process, including its various steps and decision points.

    Use: BPO providers use flowcharts and process maps to identify bottlenecks, redundancies, and opportunities for process optimization. It helps everyone involved understand the workflow, making it easier to discuss and implement improvements.

    Cause-and-Effect Diagrams (Fishbone Diagrams):

    Application: Fishbone diagrams are used to analyse complex problems and identify their root causes.

    Use: BPO teams employ these diagrams to dissect issues within a process, such as increased error rates or delays. By identifying underlying causes, they can develop strategies to address these issues and prevent their recurrence.

    Pareto Charts:

    Application: Pareto charts help prioritize problems or issues by showing which factors contribute the most to a particular problem.

    Use: BPO managers use Pareto charts to focus their resources on the most critical issues affecting the quality of their services. This ensures that efforts are directed toward the areas with the greatest impact.


    Application: Histograms visualize the distribution of data, providing insights into data variability.

    Use: In BPO, histograms are used to understand how data is spread across a process, helping to identify variations or inconsistencies. This information is crucial for maintaining process consistency and quality.

    Control Charts:

    Application: Control charts monitor process performance over time by tracking key performance indicators (KPIs).

    Use: BPO teams use control charts to ensure that their processes are stable and within acceptable limits. When a process exceeds these limits, it indicates a potential issue that requires investigation and corrective action.

    Scatter Diagrams:

    Application: Scatter diagrams help identify potential relationships or correlations between two variables.

    Use: In BPO, scatter diagrams are used to explore how changes in one variable might affect another. For example, they can assess how changes in response times may impact customer satisfaction scores.

    Check Sheets:

    Application: Check sheets are simple data collection tools that enable systematic data recording.

    Use: BPO providers use check sheets to gather data on specific aspects of their processes. This data is then analysed to make informed decisions, track progress, and identify trends or patterns.


    • Improved Response Times: The BPO provider streamlined the response process, reducing average response times by 31%.
    • Enhanced Customer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction scores increased by 20% due to faster responses and accurate information.
    • Reduced Complaints: Customer complaints related to response times and incorrect information decreased by 70%.
    • Higher Efficiency and Productivity: By eliminating bottlenecks and inefficiencies identified through flowcharts and process maps, the BPO provider achieved higher efficiency levels. This, in turn, translated into increased productivity, allowing the team to handle more inquiries and tasks within the same timeframe.
    • Cost Savings: While not directly mentioned in the case study, the improvements in efficiency, reduced complaints, and increased customer satisfaction can be associated with cost savings. A more efficient process requires fewer resources, and satisfied customers are less likely to churn or require costly escalations.
    • Data-Driven Decision-Making: The implementation of check sheets and control charts enabled the BPO provider to collect and analyse data systematically. This data-driven approach to decision-making not only facilitated process improvements but also provided valuable insights for ongoing optimization.
    • Employee Engagement: As process improvements and increased customer satisfaction became apparent, employee morale and engagement within the BPO team also improved. Employees took pride in their work and were motivated to maintain the higher service quality standards.

    Statistics on BPO Quality ImprovementĀ 

    Here are some relevant statistics showcasing the impact of quality improvement efforts in BPO:

    • According to a Deloitte survey, 59% of organizations outsource to reduce costs, while 57% do so to focus on their core business functions.
    • The International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOP) reports that 78% of organizations believe that outsourcing gives them a competitive advantage.
    • A study by Accenture found that 86% of organizations experienced cost savings through outsourcing, with an average cost reduction of 15%.
    • Quality improvement efforts in BPO can lead to significant gains. A case study by Six Sigma Daily reported a 28% increase in process efficiency and a 22% reduction in defects after implementing Six Sigma quality tools in a BPO operation.

    Business Process Outsourcing offers numerous advantages, but its success relies heavily on maintaining high-quality standards. The 7 Quality Tools in BPO – flowcharts, cause-and-effect diagrams, Pareto charts, histograms, control charts, scatter diagrams, and check sheets – play a vital role in achieving and sustaining this quality. By applying these tools, organizations can optimize their BPO processes, reduce costs, enhance customer satisfaction, and gain a competitive edge in today’s global business landscape.

    If you are ready to transform your business and do more with business process outsourcing model, then you must connect with JindalX. You will be able to learn more about BPO, itā€™s advantages, tools, benefits to your company, and even integrate with us. JindalX has been a leading BPO company for over 2 decades and has been able to keep their customer satisfaction game at top.

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